The acquaintance of children of the senior group with Pets and wild animals
The content of the programme. According to the program you want to acquaint kids with Pets are not common in the area (camel, deer, donkey ― their appearance, habits, the benefits of the people), to increase notions of the children about the wild animals (wolf, hedgehog, hare, Fox, bear ― habitat, method of obtaining food).
When viewed animals have to teach children to identify and name body parts (head, back, belly, legs, paws, wings, eyes, ears, etc.), to fail to understand that the anatomy of the limbs over-hanging the i nature of movement (the wolf runs, the rabbit jumps). Children learn about caring for Pets, habituated to take care of animals in a natural environment, feed them, establish a connection between caring for the animals and their condition.
Educating children about Pets and wild animals. In the older group continues enriching the views of children on local Pets. It is in the process of observation of children for animals in the classroom, while working in the area of nature tours in the coop, Warren, on pasture. In urban conditions, excursions not always possible, in these cases, the work is based on contemplation of the paintings.
Let’s find out kachestvennie work with the painting “Sheep with lambs” from the “Pets”. The best method of using this picture is showing and description of her teacher who draws the children’s attention on the characteristic features of these animals. (Sheep and sheep thick curled wool; the sheep have horns, they are bent downwards. The sheep, of sheep and lambs have hooves. Sheep grazing in a meadow, graze the grass. The distance the sheep farm where the sheep live.)
A model to describe the can serve the story by E. Charushin “Sheep”: “Wow, what krutorogy Yes soft! It’s a good sheep, not simple. This sheep wool, thick hair, thin. His wool mittens to knit well, sweatshirts, stockings, socks, all clothes can be weaving and felt boots matted. And everything will be warm-pretable. And there are sheep on the farm a herd”.
The use pattern is not excluded and in rural areas. But in this case the story of the teacher is replaced by a conversation in which children’s attention is drawn to the characteristic features of the animals. Here is an example of questions for such a conversation about sheep: who painted the painting? What do sheep, rams, lambs? Where sheep graze? What is the wool from sheep, sheep? What have sheep on your feet, on your head? What the sheep eat? Who sits on the hill? The shepherd holds in his hands? Where are the sheep? The great benefit of the sheep people? What distinguishes sheep from goats?
After the conversation you can make a riddle: “On hill and down Dale goes fur coat Yes coat”.
Children of the senior groups for the first time to introduce Pets that are not common in the area (camel, donkey, deer). Surveillance over them can be done during excursions to the zoo, as well as against wild beasts.
Show the first 20 frames, which depict a bear, wolf, Fox and hare in the natural conditions of their life in winter. The show is accompanied by a reading of the text of the Filmstrip. Then I repeat the demonstration and conduct interviews with children on each frame separately.
For initial familiarization of children with wild animals, direct observation of which is impossible, use a series of pictures of “Wild beasts”, where the teacher leads discussions.
Talk about the protein (the approximate outline of lessons) Program content. To consolidate and clarify the knowledge of children about the protein, its appearance, habits, about how .squirrel preparing for winter.
Preliminary work and preparation for class. On walks in the Park children see a squirrel, fed them; the children read stories about the squirrel; they were practicing a poem. To the occupation chosen, the picture “Proteins”.
The course lessons. The educator invites the children to carefully examine the painting. Teacher (turning to the children with questions). Tell me, children, who do you see in this picture. What squirrels do? What color is the fur of squirrels? Why do you think the whites in the picture drawn in grey coats?
Winter came, became cold, whites shed, they grew warm soft fluff of the undercoat, and the coat was a beautiful grey-blue color. Why is protein needed in winter this coat? Winter on the white snow squirrel in a red coat will be visible to far her enemies, and in a blue-gray coat will not see it. In addition, red squirrel’s coat is not so warm, it is summer, and gray ― warm, now, and protein in the winter will not freeze.
Look again at the picture. What you see in the knots? Why do you think bitches hang on mushrooms? Who hung? And what else is a squirrel stockpiling for the winter? Anything else she eats in the winter?
Surely you have noticed. Squirrel sitting on a branch, tail ruffled, and in the legs keeps the cone. In the cones she finds delicious seeds. Bumps the main feed squirrels in the winter. If the cones in the woods a lot, proteins live well, satisfying, but if in a forest a poor harvest of cones, squirrels descend to the ground, leaving his native forest to find like this, in which many cones.
And any of you seen a live squirrel? Tell us where you saw the squirrel. What is it? Remember what we learned a poem about a squirrel. Children talk about the protein and recite poetry about her.
To practice children in recognizing, naming and describing animals hold game “to Find out who did it.” The teacher gives the children pictures of familiar animals (the same animal can have several children) and describes them or thinks of riddles, for example: “in Summer, gray in winter ― white, short tail, lives in the woods, jumps dexterously, loves carrot. Who is it?” Children guess, then, they describe different animals or thinks about them puzzles and other children guess the animal and called.
Care for the animals . If in kindergarten holding a cat, a dog, chickens, ducks, children are attracted to feeding them and watching them.
Under the supervision of a caregiver on duty. not only feed animals but also wash the trough, together with the adults clean up. Watching at this time for animals, children note their habits, establish a connection between caring for them and their condition.